SCY211 : Klirou Mazovounos

Archaic-Classical Sanctuary

Grid reference: 517240/3873250
Cadastral plan:
SIA: SIA 2 (Klirou Manastirka)
Survey units: 4052

On a stony, unploughed hilltop marking the southern extent of our work at SIA 2, we discovered a dense, highly localised scatter of fine pottery. First surveyed as Unit 4052, the very distinctive character of the finds led us to redefine it as a POSI (SCY211). Elsewhere in SIA 2, Archaic to Classical material tends to be very worn, and forms a minute percentage of the total assemblage. Of the 28 sherds found at SCY211, however, 25 (89%) are of Archaic-Classical date. These sherds were noticeably larger and sharper than in the rest of the SIA, suggesting that they have been recently exposed, and perhaps represent a specific use area rather than being an indicator of generalised activity across the landscape.

The pattern of vessel types is consistent with that from the rest of SIA 2, but the percentage of indeterminate vessels (12%) is remarkably low. Almost the entire assemblage can be identified with specific types of vessels, and several can be assigned specific dates. Vessel shapes include skyphos, medium-deep bowl and wide shallow bowl, as well as other small bowls and a juglet. In addition there are four fragments of storage vessels, including pithoi, and seven in a fabric appropriate for cooking. The dates are primarily Cypro-Archaic II, but a few pieces appear to be Cypro-Classical I. These dates provide a very specific period of use for SCY211, from the 6th to early 5th centuries BC.

Two terracottas were discovered in SCY211. Catalogue 4052.2.1 is a terracotta horse figurine of Soft Red-Orange fabric, which, judging from a small protrusion from the figure's right leg, appears to have formed part of a chariot group. 4052.3 is not identifiable as a specific type, but may be part of a figurine. Its two holes do not fully pierce the object. The presence of pithos fragments argues against these items being tomb material. There is no tile from the unit, and almost none on the slopes below (in contrast to the area round SCY132). The figurines, the unusually large number of small bowls and plates, and the rather friable, possibly non-functional nature of some of the pottery suggest that this small hilltop may have been used as a local cult area.