SCY208 : Mitsero Loukkos tou Ellina

Grid reference: 509510/3878110
Cadastral plan:
Survey units: 2516, 2517
Transect 519.5

in 1996 passed very close to this POSI. In Units 2516 and 2617 a total of 3 sherds were counted (and 2 collected), and 7 pieces of slag and 4 pieces of ore/flux were counted. Both sherds were diagnosed as Unknown. The area consists of steep eroded gullies lying on the interface between the limestone and basalt.

In 1997 Neil Urwin's satellite imagery suggested that there was an area immediately to the East of these units had the same botanical fingerprint as the slag heaps at Sykamies. On three visits we established that there was indeed slag and pottery there, but in very small quantities.

The area consists of a series of ridges running down SW from Lambadou hill, with fairly stable surfaces on top and very eroded gullies inbetween. The material was found on the tops and sides of one particular gully. Only 7 sherds and 3 lithics were counted, of which 5 sherds and the lithics were collected. The sherds were all Archaic-Classical.

Neil reported that the botany was exactly as predicted, but that there was not enough slag to have poisoned the soil, so there must be other factors producing vegetation identical to that on the slag heaps. Culturally, the most likely source for the material consists of several long-abandoned terraces coming down the ridge to the North of the gully. These are now very overgrown and the ground visibility is very bad. There is certainly some material on them (pottery and lithics), and they would explain the material eroding down the side of the gully.

In the general area there is a very sparse scatter of pottery and slag, as the units from Transect 509.5 show. The heavy erosion presumably means that they are not at all in situ. According to Andriani Loizou, the third predecessor of Mitsero village (along with Mavrovounos and Lambadhiotissa) was at this locality, Loukkos tou Hellina.