SCY115 : Mitsero Kalorka

Grid reference: 509500/3876800
Cadastral plan:
Survey units: 2588, 2593-2594

This POSI was discovered on 27/5/96 by Team West while surveying Transect 509.5. A form was filled in and a sketch map drawn. It consists of a large enclosure or field with remains of a wall, and extensive piles of field clearance stones. There is a clear view over valley to the west. The main field (Unit 2588) is very well-defined, with a wall running along the eastern side of it, and two systems of terraces on the S and SW. On the S and W edges of the field are considerable rubble piles; these may be field clearance, though the lichen suggests that none of them are very recent. .

In spite of the poor visibility (estimated at 10%), there was a considerable amount of pottery, with 25 sherds being counted in Unit 2588. Of the 19 sherds collected in this unit, 11 were unknown coarse ware. The rest showed a distinct Medieval component, with two CG4 pieces; a Medieval coarse sherd; and two Medieval/Modern pieces (one coarse, one pithos). The surrounding units were broadly similar, though with fewer pieces. The units immediately to the south (2593 and 2594) contained one Unknown coarse piece and two Unknown thin red pieces respectively. The unit immediately to the east (2592) also had Medieval ware, with one 13th-14th century CG4 body sherd, and one 13th-14th century Lemba Ware piece; there was also a sherd of Late Roman Phocean Ware, and Ottoman glazed ware, and 4 unknown pieces. To the north of the main field, Unit 2587 had three Unknown coarse, 3 Medieval/Modern coarse, and one probable Late Roman Phocean Ware rim. A revisit three years later revealed considerable quantities of 14th-century sgraffito. There were also a few scattered pieces of slag.

From its position and the character of the architectural remains, this would appear to be a mandra and/or field house, exploiting the surrounding rough pasture and terraced land respectively. The pottery would suggest this is Medieval, which is unsurprising given the presence of Mavrovounos (SCY023) just 750 m to the north.