Artefacts

The representative samples of pottery, chipped stone and other artefacts brought back from survey units and POSIs were all studied by the relevant specialists and the results entered into the database and GIS for further analysis. For the pottery, this involved a basic description of fabric, form, and decoration and the assignation of a 'chronotype', a code which links pottery types to specific chronological periods. 29,234 sherds were analysed in this fashion. Of these, 555 sherds were selected for photography, drawing and detailed description of fabric. A fully representative sample of these is published in the final monograph.

 
Archaic or Classical rim of pithos (large storage jar), with rope pattern and incised straight and wavy lines. Maximum length 12.2 cm
(Photograph: Karen Ulrich)
  Chert blade from Agrokipia Palaeokamina (SCY102).
(Photograph: Karen Ulrich)


We collected and described in a similar manner 2846 chipped stone artefacts, and entered the details into the SCSP database. For each of these a full range of relevant variables was recorded, including tool attributes, retouch, edge and end forms, material, colour and weathering.

 
Close-up of top of Roman slag cake from Mitsero Kouloupakhis (SCY021), showing the runs and dribbles where the slag tapped from the furnace has solidified. Width: 12 cm. (Photograph: Michael Given)

Archaeometallurgical materials such as slag, furnace conglomerate, ores, flux, furnace lining and tuyéres were collected and recorded at an equivalent level of detail, and 48 slag samples were analysed using XRF.

All artefacts have been deposited with the Department of Antiquities, Republic of Cyprus. All the artefact data have been placed on our Digital Archive.